Application security refers to the integration of various protections against a variety of threats into the software and services of an organization. This subdomain requires cyber security professionals to create secure code, design specific application structures, implement robust data input validation, and reduce the possibility of unwanted access or manipulation of application resources.
Cloud security is concerned with developing safe cloud systems and applications for businesses that employ cloud service providers like Amazon Web Services, Google, Azure, Rackspace, etc.
Data security and identity management
This subdomain covers the procedures, protocols, and mechanisms that allow authorized users and authentication to access an organization’s information systems. These procedures establish robust information storage systems that protect the data in transit or stored on a server or computer. Additionally, this sub-domain employs two-factor or multi-factor authentication techniques more frequently.
Mobile security is becoming increasingly important as more people rely on mobile devices. This subdomain guard against dangers, including unauthorized access, device loss or theft, malware, viruses, and more, for both organizational and individual data on portable devices like tablets, smartphones, and laptops. Mobile security also makes use of authentication and training to strengthen security.
Hardware and software defenses against disruptions, unauthorized access, and other abuses are referred to as network security—effective network security guards against various dangers from inside and outside the company.
Planning for business continuity and disaster recovery
Threats do not always come from people. The processes, alerts, monitoring, and plans covered by the DR BC subdomain are meant to assist organizations in getting ready to keep their business-critical systems operational throughout and after any incident (massive power outages, fires, natural disasters), as well as to resume and recover lost operations and procedures in the aftermath of the incident.
Staff awareness of cyber dangers is a vital piece of the cyber security puzzle since knowledge is power. It is essential to provide corporate workers with training in computer security principles to increase their understanding of organizational procedures and policies, best practices for the industry, and methods for monitoring and reporting hostile activity. Classes, programs, and certifications relating to cyber security are covered in this subdomain.