Networks, devices, programmes, and data are all protected from attack, damage, and illegal access by a variety of technologies, procedures, and best practises collectively referred to as “cyber security.” Information technology security is another name for cyber security.


Government, military, corporate, financial, and medical entities acquire, process, and store unheard-of amounts of data on computers and other devices, making cyber security crucial. Sensitive information, such as intellectual property, financial data, personal information, or other sorts of data for which illegal access or exposure could have unfavourable effects, can make up a sizeable amount of that data. In the course of conducting business, organisations transfer sensitive data across networks and to other devices; cyber security refers to the field devoted to safeguarding such data as well as the technology used to handle or store it. Companies and organisations, especially those responsible with protecting data related to national security, health, or financial records, must take action to defend their sensitive business and people information as the frequency and sophistication of cyber attacks increase. The senior intelligence officers in the country warned that cyber attacks and digital espionage pose a greater threat to national security than terrorism as early as March 2013.


An organisation must coordinate its efforts across every aspect of its information system to provide successful cyber security. Cyber elements include anything listed below:

Network security is the process of defending a network against invasions, attacks, and unauthorised users.
Application security: To make sure that these applications are safe from assaults, apps need to be updated frequently and tested.
Endpoint security: Remote access is a requirement for business, but it can potentially compromise data security. The process of securing remote network access is known as endpoint security.
Data security: Data is contained within networks and apps. A distinct security layer is dedicated to safeguarding business and customer information.
Identity management is essentially a procedure for comprehending the levels of access that each person has within an organisation.

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